Treatment for ADHD typically includes a combination of psychosocial treatment and medication. Each modality aims to address the range of symptoms that may be occurring within an ADHD patient.
ADHD medications may include both stimulant and non-stimulant medications. Typically, longer-acting stimulants will provide better patient compliance and smoother improvement in symptoms.
Common stimulatory ADHD medications include:
- Amphetamines (i.e. Adderall, Dexedrine, Desoxyn, etc.)
- Phenidates (Focalin, Concerta, Ritalin, etc.)
Common non-stimulatory ADHD medications include:
- Strattera (an SNRI)
- Pamelor (a tricyclic antidepressant)
A psychiatrist and the patient may work through the list of medications to gauge effectiveness and minimize any side-effects experienced with them.
Therapeutic ADHD Treatments
Psychotherapy and psychiatric counseling can help people with ADHD better control their symptoms. They may be especially effective in helping children as well.
Psychotherapy can help those with ADHD better handle relationships that are affected by the disorder. It can also help identify patterns, helping one make better choices for their future.
Behavior Therapy (BT) can help people monitor and change their behaviors. These strategies involve direct feedback to help the person realize suitable behaviors.
Social Skills Training can be useful in children, teaching them to adhere to common social etiquette — allowing them to fit in more seemlessly with the people around them.
Parental Skill Training can help parents of children with ADHD, by teaching them the proper techniques and providing the tools needed to understand and manage their child’s behaviors.